Ginger is a spice that belongs to the Zingiberaceae family which is used both as a cooking ingredient and in medicines. The root (rhizome) of the plant is used in cooking. The spice is native to South-east Asia and is an integral part of the cuisine of the region. Ginger has a zesty aroma and pepper-like heat. The pungency of the spice mellows with cooking. Ginger is a versatile spice than can be paired with any fruit, vegetable or protein. Taste of ginger is very complimentary to the sweetness of honey, making honey-ginger a popular flavor.


Language Name Pronunciation
English Ginger ˈjinjər
Hindi अदरक adarak
Tamil இஞ்சி Iñci
Arabic زنجبيل Zanajabil
Spanish Jengibre  

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Fresh as well as dried ginger is available in markets the year around

 How to Select

Ginger can be easily confused with turmeric. Look for the ones with shiny skin. Rub the spice in your palm. Ginger has a citrusy smell.

How to Store:

Keep fresh, un-peeled ginger covered with paper in the refrigerator. Dry ginger powder should be kept in air-tight containers in a cool, dark place.


Ginger is usually available in fresh, dried, pickled, candied and powdered forms.

  • Fresh ginger is grated, pasted, chopped or julienned and used in recipes.
  • Dried ginger is ginger fingers soaked in water overnight, peeled and then dried as whole. Dried ginger is used for flavouring baked goods.


  • Ginger pickled in sweet vinegar is used as an accompaniment for sushi.
  • Candied or crystallized ginger is thinly sliced ginger cooked in sugar syrup until it becomes soft and coated with sugar.


  • Ginger powder is dry ginger in grounded. It is used in soups, gravies, stews and marinades in place of fresh ginger.

Culinary Uses:

Ginger is a common ingredient in Indian, Chinese and South Asian cuisines.

  • Added to curries and gravies of spicing up the dish
  • Ginger pasted along with garlic is a common marinade used in India
  • Whole ginger cut into pieces can used to make delicious pickles
  • Stir-frying with vegetables of increasing aroma
  • Ginger is used for making spicy sauces
  • Ginger paste is used to thicken gravies
  • Used to make Ginger breads, cookies, jams etc.
  • A common ingredient of Masala Chai
  • Prominent flavour in alcoholic beverage beverages like ginger ale, wine and ginger vodka
  • Ginger syrup in sugar mixed with lime can be used to make refreshing cold drinks
  • Dry ginger powder is used for flavouring candies, crackers and cakes

Medicinal Uses

  • The medicinal property of ginger is attributed to the presence of bio-active component Gingerol
  • Ginger- fresh or dry, is a home remedy for sore throat
  • It helps to reduce nausea
  • Juice of ginger is a good de-toxifier
  • Ginger is often used in the treatment of indigestion
  • Helps to promote food absorption
  • Used in the treatment of asthma
  • Relives colic pain

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