Garlic belongs to the onion family. The scientific name is Allium sativum. The bulb of the plant is commonly used in cooking though other parts like flower, head and leaves are also edible. Inside the bulb there are fleshy cloves with papery, white skin. Garlic has a very pungent aroma which makes it excellent for seasonings and making condiments. Sometimes it consumed as a vegetable. Garlic is also renowned for its medicinal properties.



Language Name Pronunciation
English Garlic ˈgärlik
Hindi लहसुन lahasun
Tamil பூண்டு Pūṇṭu
Arabic ثوم thawm
Spanish Ajo  

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Available in markets throughout the year

How to Store:

The best way to store garlic is as bulbs in a place with good air circulation. Peeled pods and chopped cloves are stored in air-tight containers in refrigerator.

How to Use:

Garlic is often used either as a seasoning or as a condiment, because of its pungent smell. Garlic can be used in so many ways-raw, roasted, pureed, dried or powdered. Powdered garlic is made from dried, garlic cloves.

Though it is the bulb that is commonly used, sometimes the flower, stem and head of the plant is also used in cooking. These have a milder aroma than garlic. Garlic scape or narrow stalk of the garlic plant is frequently featured in Chinese and South-east Asian recipes and used in soups and stir fries. They can be also used in stews and even as pizza toppings.


 Culinary Uses:

  • For making garlic dips and sauces
  • Flavouring mayonnaise, tomato ketchup
  • Used for pickling
  • Ginger-garlic paste is common ingredient of many Indian dishes and curries
  • Making garlic breads
  • Garlic is an indispensable component of meat dishes
  • Used extensively in Chinese cuisine
  • For making the famous Mediterranean spread Hummus
  • Used to flavour stews and soups
  • Ground or crushed garlic is used for marinating
  • Oils flavored with garlic are used for seasoning vegetables and breads
  • Drizzle a few drops of olive oil on the garlic bulbs on a trey and roast them in pre-heated oven or skillet, for making roasted garlic which can be eaten as such or used for further cooking.

Medical Value

  • Garlic contains Allicin, a compound which has great antibacterial, antifungal and anti-oxidant properties. In fact Allicin, makes the garlic a home remedy for many ailments
  • Garlic is used to treat all kinds of infections including chest and skin infections
  • Daily intake of garlic helps to lower cholesterol levels
  • Garlic is a great home medicine for cough and cold
  • Garlic oil is an effective medicine for ear ache
  • Crush two or three garlic cloves, strain the juice and apply it on acne to reduce it
  • Garlic juice or paste can be used to reduce tooth ache
  • It can be also used as insect repellent

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